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AC (alternating current)

An electric current that reverses direction at regular intervals. AC is used for electricity distribution. 



The major advantages of B100 biodiesel are that it can be produced from 100% renewable resources and that it significantly reduces carbon emissions.  B100’s big selling point is that it contains 0% fossil fuels, guaranteed. It is pure, 100% biodiesel. It’s the first generation of biodiesel and is usually produced from vegetable oil.

BEV (battery electric vehicle)

Meaning any vehicle that runs solely on electrical energy stored in the vehicle's batteries from an off-board source, while emitting zero tailpipe emissions. 


An alternative fuel type associated with decarbonisation narratives. It is made from an increasingly diverse mix of resources such as recycled cooking oil, soybean oil and animal fats. Biodiesel is a renewable, clean-burning diesel replacement that can be used in existing diesel engines without modification.


Carbon neutral

Making or resulting in no net release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, especially as a result of carbon offsetting. 

Cell to pack

This means that individual battery cells can be stacked and that no intermediate buffering modules are required. This increases the energy density per litre enormously.  

Circular economy

The circular economy is a production and consumption paradigm that promotes the reuse, repair, refurbishment, and recycling of existing resources and goods for as long as feasible. The life cycle of items is therefore prolonged.  The circular economy is a production and consumption paradigm that promotes the reuse, repair, refurbishment, and recycling of existing resources and goods for as long as feasible. The life cycle of items is therefore prolonged. 

Combined Charging System (CCS)

In Europe, this is the most prevalent charging standard for electric vehicles, including passenger cars and trucks. The maximum power output of most CCS chargers is between 50 and 400 kW.

CNG (compressed natural gas)

A natural gas or biogas compressed to a high pressure and stored in tanks in the truck. 



The act of reducing the amount of gaseous carbon compounds released in, or as a result of, an environment or process. 

DPF (diesel particulate filter)

A DPF is used in Euro-6 emission compliant diesel engines. The manufacturers use the DPF to filter, store and burn the soot particles emitted as a result of the combustion process of the diesel. 


The group of components of a motor vehicle that deliver power to the drive wheels.  



The term electromobility includes full electric vehicles, as well as hybrid electric vehicles and those using hydrogen fuel cell technology.


Electric road system.  


Electric road system vehicle.


FCEV (fuel cell electric vehicle)

A vehicle that uses compressed hydrogen gas as fuel to generate electricity to power its onboard electric motor using a fuel cell, occasionally in conjunction with a small battery or supercapacitor. 

Fossil fuels

Fossil fuels are made from decomposing plants and animals. These fuels are found in the Earth’s crust and contain carbon and hydrogen, which can be burned for energy. Coal, oil, and natural gas are examples of fossil fuels.


HVO (hydrotreated vegetable oil)

A biofuel derived from animal, plant or algae remains, often associated with decarbonisation narratives. 



Unit that indicates how long electric vehicles travel with unit energy consumption.


Watt is the SI unit of power which is equal to 1 Jule per second. It’s equivalent to the rate of energy consumption in an electric circuit where the potential difference is 1 volt and the current is 1A. 1kW (kilowatt) is equal to 1000W. 

kWh (kilowatt hour)

Kilowatt hour (kWh) is the one unit of energy. Equipment of a 1kW rating consumes 1kWh energy if it operates for 1 hour. 


Energy required to travel a unit kilometre. 


Last mile

Refers to the final delivery journey in the supply chain. 

Level 1 charging

Level 1 charging delivers 110-120V of alternating current. Slower charging because of low power flow. 

Level 2 charging

Level 2 charging supplies up to 240V. Faster charging than Level 1. On average can fully charge an EV in 8 hours. 

Level 3 charging

The fastest method of charging. Uses direct current to fully charge the car in approximately 30 minutes. Not used often as it is fairly new and very expensive. 

LNG (liquefied natural gas)

A natural gas or biogas that’s been liquefied by bringing it down to a low temperature. When the gas liquefies, it reduces in volume that makes it possible to have enough fuel on board to drive long haul transport. 

LPG (liquefied petroleum gas)

A fuel that contains a mixture of hydrocarbon gases. 


Megawatt Charging System (MCS)

A new charging standard for large-duty electric applications such big vehicles, boats, and industrial machinery. The MCS standard will be commercially accessible in 2024, with a maximum power output of up to 3.75 MW, or 3750 kW.




Megawatt hour  


Natural gas

Flammable gas, consisting largely of methane and other hydrocarbons, occurring naturally underground (often in association with petroleum) and used as fuel. It is the most eco-friendly of all the fossil fuels.

NZTB (Net Zero Transport Board)

A board of outside advisors under the direction of a minister that offers the Department of Transportation independent, impartial advice on decarbonising the transportation sector. 



Off-peak charging

Charging your electrical vehicle at a lower rate during off-peak hours.

Overhead catenary electric road system

Infrastructure that allows automobiles to use cables put a cross roads to draw electricity. A pantograph is used to connect the vehicle to the cables (in a similar fashion to electric trains).



A mechanism used to attach a vehicle to the catenary cables above the road. While moving, the vehicle can collect electricity from the lines thanks to the pantograph's electrical contact with the wires. 

PHEV (plug-in hybrid electric vehicle)

A type of hybrid electric vehicle that combines a gasoline or diesel engine with an electric motor and a big battery that can be recharged by connecting into an electrical outlet or a charging station for electric vehicles. 

Power cycle

Power cycle is the act of turning the charger off and on again from the main circuit breaker.


The mechanism that transmits the drive from the engine of a vehicle to its axle. An electric power train is a combination battery, inverter, motor, and wheels. Powertrain without the electric motor is called drivetrain. 

PCS (public charging stations)

The electric vehicle charging stations are commercially and publicly accessible to electric vehicles to charge the battery.


Range anxiety

This refers to the anxious feeling of operating an electric vehicle because of the fear of running out of battery charge while driving. 

Range-extender EV (electric vehicle)

A type of hybrid EV that has a small petrol generator to charge battery when range is depleted. This allows for increased range. 

Regenerative braking

A braking system that captures energy during vehicle motion. Decreases energy waste. 


TCO (total cost of ownership)

The total cost of operating a vehicle during its ownership tenure, including its purchase price, residual value at the end of its useful life, fuel and energy expenditures, and maintenance and repair costs. 


V2G (vehicle to grid)

A system that allows EVs to communicate with the power grid to manage the flow of electricity in either direction. 


Zero-emission vehicle (ZEV)

A vehicle that emits no tailpipe pollutants from the onboard source of power. 

Latest News


A Labour government must tackle EV shortages and invest in infrastructure to meet net zero targets, RHA warns shadow minister

As orginally reported by our sister publication Motor Transport, a future Labour government must tackle the supply chain bottlenecks creating shortages of low and zero emission trucks and vans needed by hauliers to meet the demands of the UK’s Clean Air Zones.


Daimler Truck spins off diesel engine business to focus on carbon zero powertrains

Daimler Trucks and engine builder Deutz have announced a cooperation agreement which will see Daimler hive off its medium duty engine business to Deutz, allowing the global truck builder to focus on developing its carbon zero power trains. The tie-up, announced by Deutz on 30 January 2023, sees Daimler Truck ...


According to P&S Intelligence, the global electric commercial vehicle market would generate $814.8 billion in sales by 2030

According to P&S Intelligence, an internaational provider of market research and consultancy services, the electric commercial vehicle market is expected to increase to $814.8 billion in 2030, with a predicted growth rate of 36.2% from 2022 to 2030.


Welch’s Transport to launch first carbon zero freight delivery service for Cambridge

As orginally reported by our sister publication Motor Transport, Cambridgeshire-based family firm Welch’s Transport is gearing up to provide local businesses with a net zero pallet delivery service as it awaits the arrival of its first fully electric Renault HGV.


Reto Leutenegger has joined QUANTRON as Managing Director of Quantron Switzerland AG and as an investor in Quantron AG

Reto Leutenegger has been appointed Managing Director of QUANTRON Switzerland AG, the company’s subsidiary in Switzerland.


UK government publishes draft regulations for zero emission trucks weight change

The UK government has published new draft authorised weight regulations which will see zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) and alternatively-fuelled vehicles (AFVs) get a weight dispensation to take account of the heavier powertrain technology used on the vehicles, compared to diesel. The draft legislative instrument of the Road Vehicles (Authorized Weight) ...


Freight management firm Zeus brings in head of sustainability

As originally reported by our sister publication Motor Transport, digital freight management firm Zeus has recruited a sustainable expert from the University of Cambridge to help it become a net zero business.


Webfleet study reveals connected electric vehicles save fleets 15 tonnes of CO2 per vehicle each year

According to data from Webfleet, Bridgestone’s fleet management system, European fleets using electric vehicle have reduced their carbon emissions by more than 15 tonnes of CO2 per vehicle, each year. This corresponds to a 5,665-litre fuel savings.


Californian firm, Biagi Bros, places order for 15 Nikola Tre fuel cell trucks

Nikola continues to dominate the headlines this week as the manufacturer is expected to deliver 15 Nikola Tre fuel cell trucks to California-based logistics company Biagi Bros. The vehicles are expected to enter service by the end of Q4 2023. The FCEV trucks are scheduled to travel more than 100,000 ...